Iqtisād (اِقْتِصَاد) is the Arabic word used to specify moderating your ʾĪmān & solidifying it, establishing a solid foundation as to what benefits it & what damages it; thus, acting upon that knowledge. It is translated as meaning “moderation” or “middle way“, middle way interpreted as being the straight path of The Qurʼān & Sunnah, self-discipline, indulging in good, & abstaining from all acts of evil.
This is important, as to with this knowledge & initiating it correctly, it will set a barracade between us & falling into extremes in acts of worship, & extremes in neglecting acts of worship. Similar words that are used is wasat (وسط,) & qasd (قصد).
Maintaining our ʾĪmān & preserving it is a vital exertion that all of us as Muslims are required to practice & an act we need to make a habit. Our ʾĪmān is what keeps us steady on the path to righteousness (the middle way), piety, & is what ultimately brings us closer to Our Lord & earns both His pleasure in this world, & the Ākhirah (afterlife). To practice Iqtisād, it is fundamental to recognize what Allāh has permitted for us & prohibited for us, realize & act upon it, & then therefore implement acting upon it into our daily lives – and of course, perform the obligatory deeds of Islām (praying, fasting, giving charity, etc.), humbly.
As the poet once said:
“Iqtisād, known as the middle way.
Hold on to Ṣalāh and make sure you pray.
So be moderate in your actions and what you say.
Have faith in Allāh, because theres always a way.”
Allāh speaks relating to Iqtisād in the following ʾĀyāt of al-Qurʼān:
وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ قَصۡدُ ٱلسَّبِيلِ وَمِنۡهَا جَآئِرٞۚ وَلَوۡ شَآءَ لَهَدَىٰكُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ
“And upon Allāh is the direction of the [straight] way, and among the various paths are those deviating. And if He willed, He could have guided you all.“
– Sūrah an-Nahl, ʾĀyah 9
وَمَا لَنَآ أَلَّا نَتَوَكَّلَ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ وَقَدۡ هَدَىٰنَا سُبُلَنَاۚ وَلَنَصۡبِرَنَّ عَلَىٰ مَآ ءَاذَيۡتُمُونَاۚ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلۡمُتَوَكِّلُونَ
“And why should we not rely upon Allāh while He has guided us to our [good] ways? And we will surely be patient against whatever harm you should cause us. And upon Allāh let those who would rely [indeed] rely.“
– Sūrah Ibrāhīm, ʾĀyah 12
وَٱقۡصِدۡ فِي مَشۡيِكَ وَٱغۡضُضۡ مِن صَوۡتِكَۚ إِنَّ أَنكَرَ ٱلۡأَصۡوَٰتِ لَصَوۡتُ ٱلۡحَمِيرِ
“And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys.“
– Sūrah Luqmān, ʾĀyah 19
The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ speaks related to Iqtisād in the selected Aḥādīth:
- “The religion (of Islām) is easy, and whoever makes the religion a rigor, it will overpower him. So, follow a middle course (in worship); if you can’t do this, do something near to it and give glad tidings and seek help (of Allāh) at morn and at dusk and some part of night.” [Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 39]
- “Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately and know that your deeds will not make you enter Paradise, and that the most beloved deed to Allāh is the most regular and constant even if it were little.” [Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6464]
- “Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately, and worship Allāh in the forenoon and in the afternoon and during a part of the night, and always adopt a middle, moderate, regular course whereby you will reach your target (Paradise).” [Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 6463]
May Allāh make it easy for us to act upon this knowledge, keep us firm upon His path, & allow us to remain steadfast in His religion.
Poetry written by @theakhzone
Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī (صحيح البخاري) by Imām al-Bukhārī | Aḥādīth #39, #6464, #6463
Ṣafīullāh Labīb ibn Salīm ʿAbd al-Malik
12th of Rabīʿ al-ʾAwwal 1443