Taqī ad-Dīn ʾAḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 728/1328), known simply as ibn Taymīyyah, was a heavily renowed Islāmic scholar from Turkey who moved to & grew up in medieval Dimashq (Damascus). He was a scholar of profound knowledge, which earned him the title “Shaykh al-Islām“. Herein, we’ll be looking into his explanation of the 16th Ḥadīth in the Ṣaḥīḥ of Imām al-Bukhārī.
The Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will attain the sweetness of ʾĪmān:
- Allāh and His Messenger are dearer to him than anything else.
- To love a person for nothing except the sake of Allāh.
- To hate to revert to disbelief (after) having been saved from it by Allāh, as he hates being thrown into the Fire.“
ibn Taymīyyah’s رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ commentary: “The Prophet ﷺ informed that in whoever these three qualities were to be found will delight in the sweetness of ʾĪmān because the sweetness in anything results from the love for it. If someone loves something and desires for it, then when he attains what he has been seeking, he will experience sweetness, delight, and happiness in it. Delight is achieved shortly after attaining what is loved or desired.
Therefore, the sweetness of ʾĪmān which comprises delight and happiness results from the perfection of the servant’s love for Him. This is achieved by three things:
- Perfection and devotion of this love and repelling it’s opposites
- It’s perfection is for Allāh and His Messenger ﷺ to be more beloved than all else
- It is not enough to just love Allāh and His Messenger ﷺ; it is imperative that Allāh and His Messenger ﷺ are more beloved than all else.
This cannot be unless (the servant) is in total agreement with what his Rabb loves and hates.“
May Allāh have mercy upon ibn Taymīyyah & grant him the highest ranks of Jannah for his efforts & contributions to the religion of Islām.
All praise is due to Allāh, may His peace & blessings be upon our final Prophet Muḥammad, his family, his companions, & all those who follow him in guidance.
Ṣafīullāh Labīb ibn Salīm ʿAbd al-Malik
5th of Jumādā al-ʾŪlā 1443 – 9th of December 2021