Tawārīkh: Books of Tārīkh

Tārīkh is a genre of books of history within Islām focusing on a particular era, most commonly dealing with the major scholars or narrators of Ḥadīth during that time period. Majority are focused on either a specific city, events, individuals, or even the beginning of creation until the time of the author. They can also contain biographies of the figures mentioned within them.

There are many books of Tārīkh, but herein we’ll be looking into only those that are critically acclaimed & have Tārīkh in the title. This list will be categorized into chronological order by era.

at-Tārīkh al-Kabīr (التاريخ الكبير)
Compiler: Muḥammad ibn Ismā‘īl al-Bukhārī رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 256 AH/870 CE)
Era: 3rd Century AH/9th Century CE
Focus: Jarḥ wa at-Taʿdīl, ʿĪlm ar-Rijāl
Volumes: 9, 11
Tārīkh aṭ-Ṭabarī (تاريخ الطبري)
Compiler: Muḥammad ibn Jarīr aṭ-Ṭabarī رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 310 AH/923 CE)
Era: 4th Century AH/10th Century CE
Focus: Beginning of creation until author’s time
Volumes: 4, 5, 6, 10, 13, 40
Tārīkh ibn Yūnus al-Miṣrī (تاريخ ابن يونس الصدفي)
Compiler: Aḥmad ibn Yūnus aṣ-Ṣadafī al-Miṣrī رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 399 AH/1009 CE)
Era: 4th Century AH/11th Century CE
Focus: People of Egypt
Volumes: 2
Tārīkh Baghdād (تاريخ بغداد)
Compiler: al-Khaṭīb al-Baghdādī رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 463 AH/1071 CE)
Era: 5th Century AH/11th Century CE
Focus: ʿĪlm ar-Rijāl, People of Baghdād
Volumes: 24
Tārīkh Madīnah Dimashq (تاريخ مدينة دمشق)
Compiler: ibn ‘Asākir رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 571 AH/1176 CE)
Era: 6th Century AH/12th Century CE
Focus: People of Damascus
Volumes: 37
Tārīkh al-Islām (تاريخ الإسلام)
Compiler: Shams ad-Dīn adh-Dhahabī  رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ‎ (d. 748 AH/1348 CE)
Era: 8th Century AH/14th Century CE
Focus: Encyclopedia & Biographies
Volumes: 15, 50
Tārīkh ibn Khaldūn (تاريخ ابن خلدون)
Compiler: Muḥammad ibn Khaldūn al-Ḥaḍramī رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 808 AH/1406 CE)
Era: 9th Century AH/15th Century CE
Focus: Beginning of creation until author’s time
Volumes: 4, 6, 7, 9, 13
Tārīkh Khulafāʾ (تاريخ الخلفاء)
Compiler: Jalāl ad-Dīn as-Suyūṭī رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ (d. 911 AH/1505 CE)
Era: 10th Century AH/16th Century CE
Focus: Caliphs of Islām
Volumes: 1

May Allāh have mercy upon these compilers, forgive them of their shortcomings, & reward them abundantly for their contributions to the religion of Islām.

All praise is due to Allāh, may His peace & blessings be upon our final Prophet Muḥammad, his family, his companions, & all those who follow him in guidance.

Ṣafīullāh Labīb ibn Salīm ʿAbd al-Malik
8th of Jumādā al-ʾĀkhirah 1443 – 11th of January 2022

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