Characteristics of The Prophet ﷺ

Allāh ﷻ says in al-Qurʾān regarding The Prophet ﷺ:

لَّقَدۡ كَانَ لَكُمۡ فِي رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ أُسۡوَةٌ حَسَنَةٞ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرۡجُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلۡيَوۡمَ ٱلۡأٓخِرَ وَذَكَرَ ٱللَّهَ كَثِيرٗا
There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allāh an excellent example [to be followed] for anyone whose hope is in Allāh and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allāh often.
– Sūrah al-Aḥzāb, ʾĀyah 21

وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلَىٰ خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٖ
And indeed, you are of a great moral character.
– Sūrah al-Qalam, ʾĀyah 4

and The Prophet ﷺ said:

Indeed, I was sent only to perfect righteous manners.

Silsilah al-Aḥādīth aṣ-Ṣaḥīḥah #45, al-Adab al-Mufrad #273 | Ṣaḥīḥ to Shaykh al-Albānī

الفصل
THE PROPHET’S ﷺ CHARACTERISTICS:

Jihād (جهاد):

  • When fighting (in war) got severe, and the people met their enemies, the Companions used to find shelter with The Prophet ﷺ and he would be in the forefront.1

Akhlāq (أخلاق):

  • He was the most generous of people, he we would never say no when requested anything from anyone.2
  • He was the most patient of all people.
  • He was more shy than a virgin in her seclusion and was constant in lowing his gaze.3
  • He never sought revenge for himself nor did he ever get angry for himself, though he would quickly avenge the boundaries & limits set by Allāh whenever they were violated & would get angry for them.4
  • The far and the near and the weak and the strong were all equal before him, in regards to rights.
  • He helped his family with the daily household chores and used to visit the sick among the people.5
  • He was the most modest of the people and would answer the invitation of anyone who invited him, whether they were rich or poor, common or noble.
  • He loved the poor and the needy, would attend their funerals, and visit the sick among them. He never looked down upon a poor man for his poverty, nor was he bias towards a rich due to his power and status.
  • He used to ride either on a horse, camel, donkey, or mule. He would let others ride on a saddle behind him.6
  • He never allowed anyone to walk behind him, as he liked that to be for the Angels.7
  • He used to mention Allāh much and never indulged in vain talk. He used to shorten the Khuṭbah and prolong the prayer.8
  • He liked good scents and disliked bad odors.
  • He used to entertain the noble and was generous to the virtuous people. He used to meet all people cheerfully and was never known to be rough or unkind to anyone.
  • He did not deny the permissible playing, as he would joke but always spoke the truth, but he would accept the excuse from the one who gave it.9
  • He never wasted time. He was in the service of Allāh at all times, even during the process of completing his everyday chores.
  • His moral character was that of the Qurʾān.10
  • Although he had many concerns, he always maintained a cheerful character and offered a smile as a means of greeting.

Food (طعام):

  • He never criticized any food. If he liked it, he would eat it, if he didn’t like it, he would refrain.11
  • He never ate reclining, nor did he eat on a table.
  • He never prohibited himself from enjoying the prohibited things. If he found dried dates, he would eat them. If he found roasted meat, he would eat that as well. If he found bread baked of wheat or barley, he would eat it. If he found fresh milk, it would be enough for him. He ate watermelon along with fresh dates and had a liking for sweets and honey.12
  • He would accept gifts of food and would give them something in return, but he never ate from charity.
  • He would tie a stone to his belly out of hunger, preferring the provisions of the life of the Hereafter rather than the life of this world.13
  • He possessed both male and female slaves, but never felt haughty or placed himself above them in food or dress.
  • He passed away without satisfying his hunger, not even with bread baked of barley. Sometimes a month or two would pass before a fire was lit in the house of The Prophet ﷺ, and their food would only be dates and water.14

Clothing (ملابس):

  • He never indulged in luxurious food nor garments, he only ate what he had and wore what he had.
  • He mended his own shoes and patched his own clothes.15
  • He used to wear woolen garments and sewn shoes. The garment he liked most was Ḥibarah, a type of cloak made in Yemen, which was a mixture of red and white.16
  • His ring and it’s face was made of silver, and he would wear it on his right pinky and sometimes on the left.17

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ❁ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ❁ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ ❁ اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ❁ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ❁ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
O Allāh, send prayers upon Muḥammad and upon the family of Muḥammad just as You have sent prayers upon Ibrāhīm and upon the family of Ibrāhīm, verily You are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious. O Allāh, bless Muḥammad and the family of Muḥammad just as You have blessed Ibrāhīm and the family of Ibrāhīm, verily You are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.

All praise is due to Allāh, may His peace & blessings be upon our final Prophet Muḥammad, his family, his companions, & all those who follow him in guidance.

[Extracted from Mukhtaṣar Sīrah an-Nabī wa Sīrah Aṣḥāb al-ʿAshra (مختصر سيرة النبي وأصحابه العشرة) by ʿAbd al-Ghanī al-Maqdisī رحمه الله]

Footnotes:

[1] Musnad Aḥmad #564 | Ṣaḥīḥ to Shaykh Aḥmad Shākir – Narrated by ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib رضي الله عنه
[2] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #6034, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2311 – Narrated by Jābir ibn ʿAbdullāh رضي الله عنه
[3] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #6102, al-Adab al-Mufrad #599, Mukhtaṣar Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #307 – Narrated by Abū Saʾīd al-Khudrī رضي الله عنه
[4] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #6786, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2327, Ḥilyah al-Awliyā’ 8/132, al-Adab al-Mufrad #274 – Narrated by ʿĀʾisha رضي الله عنها
[5] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #676, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #2489, al-Adab al-Mufrad #538 — Narrated by Aswad ibn Yazīd رضي الله عنه
[6] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #2856, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #30, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #2643, Sunan ibn Mājah #4296 – Narrated by Muʾādh ibn Jabal رضي الله عنه
[7] Musnad Aḥmad 3/302, Sunan ibn Mājah #146, al-Mustadrak ʿala aṣ-Ṣaḥīḥayn 4/281, Ṣaḥīḥ ibn Ḥibbān #2099 | Ṣaḥīḥ to Imām al-Hākim an-Nishāpurī, Imām ibn Ḥibbān, Shaykh al-Albānī, and others — Ḥasan to Shaykh Zubayr ʿAlī Zay – Narrated by Jābir ibn ʿAbdullāh رضي الله عنه
[8] al-Jāmiʿ aṣ-Ṣaghīr #1045, Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ #2276, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #2411, Riyāḍ aṣ-Ṣāliḥīn #1518 | Ḥasan to Imām at-Tirmidhī and Shaykh Zubayr ʿAlī Zay, though other scholars have weakened it. – Narrated by ibn ʿUmar رضي الله عنه
[9] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ #2494, Majmaʾ az-Zawāʾid 9/20, Musnad Aḥmad #8481 | Ṣaḥīḥ to Shaykh al-Albānī — Ḥasan Ṣaḥīḥ to Imām at-Tirmidhī, Ḥasan to Imām al-Haythamī and Shaykh Zubayr ʿAlī Zay – Narrated by Abū Hurayrah رضي الله عنه
[10] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #746, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #1342, Sunan an-Nasā’ī 3/199 – Narrated by Saʾd ibn Hishām رضي الله عنه
[11] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3563, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2064, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #2031, Sunan ibn Mājah #3259 – Narrated by Abū Hurayrah رضي الله عنه
[12] Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #199, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #3836, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #1843, Sunan al-Kubrá #6722, Fatḥ al-Bārī 9/486 | Ṣaḥīḥ to al-Ḥāfiẓ ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Shaykh al-Albānī, Shaykh Zubayr ʿAlī Zay, and others – Narrated by ʿĀʾisha رضي الله عنها
[13] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #4101 – Narrated by Jābir ibn ʿAbdullāh رضي الله عنه
[14] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #5414 – Narrated by Abū Hurayrah رضي الله عنه
[15] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #676, Jami at-Tirmidhi #2489, al-Adab al-Mufrad #538 – Narrated by Aswad ibn Yazīd رضي الله عنه
[16] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #373 – Narrated by ʿĀʾisha رضي الله عنها
[17] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #5870, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #4216, Sunan an-Nasā’ī #5277 – Narrated by Anas ibn Mālik رضي الله عنه

Ṣafīullāh Labīb ibn Salīm ʿAbd al-Malik
10th of Rabīʿ ath-Thānī 1444