Excerpts from The Life of The Prophet ﷺ

فصل
LINEAGE

He is ﷺ Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim ibn ʿAbd Manāf ibn Quṣayy ibn Kilāb ibn Murrah ibn Kaʾb ibn Lu’ayy ibn Ghālib ibn Fihr ibn Mālik ibn Naḍr ibn Kinānah ibn Khuzaymah ibn Mudrikah ibn Ilyās ibn Muḍar ibn Nizār ibn Maʾad ibn ʿAdnān. This genealogy is agreed upon.1

فصل
PARENTS

His mother was Aminah bint Wahb and his father was ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib.

فصل
BIRTH

He was born in Makkah on the 4th of Rabīʿ al-ʾAwwal on al-Ithnayn2 in the year of the Elephant.3

فصل
PROPHETHOOD

He became a Prophet at the age of 40. Once he became a Prophet, he continued to stay in Makkah for 13 years4 then thereafter emigrated to Madīnah, where he lived the last 10 years of his life ﷺ. He peformed Ḥajj once and performed ʿUmrah 4 times.

He had 4 callers to prayer, and they were Bilāl, ibn Umm Maktūm in Madīnah, Abū Maḥdhurah in Makkah, and al-Qaraẓ in Qubā’. He had 23 scribes and fought in 27 battles.

فصل
MIRACLES

All of his miracles were by the permission of Allāh, and from them is when he split the moon5, a spring of water gushed from between his fingers6, the date-palm tree crying for his presence7, a stone gave him the Salām8, he spit in the eyes of ʿAlī when they were infected then they cleared after an hour of his spitting9, and many others, the best of them being the Qurʾān.

فصل
WIVES

He had 10 wives, and they were Khadījah, Sawdah, ʿĀʾishah, Hafṣah, Umm Habībah, Umm Salamah, Zaynab bint Jaḥsh, Maymūnah, Juwayrīyyah, and Ṣafīyyah.

فصل
CHILDREN

He had 3 sons, and they were al-Qāsim, ʿAbdullāh, and Ibrāhīm. ʿAbdullāh was nicknamed aṭ-Ṭayyib (The Delight) and aṭ-Ṭāhir (The Pure) due to him being born after Prophethood.

He had 4 daughters, and they were Zaynab, Fāṭimah, Ruqayyah, and Umm Kulthūm. Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthūm were both married to ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān, which is how he received the title Dhu an-Nūrayn (The Possessor of Two Lights).

فصل
APPEARANCE

His hair was neither extremely curly or extremely straight, his height was neither extremely tall or extremely short, and his skin tone was neither extremely pale or extremely dark; all of his features were moderate.10 His hair would length to his shoulders11, & sometimes his earlobe12 or half of his ear, and he had a thick beard.13

He was of a very strong build & broad stature14, having a large head, hands, limbs, and solid fingers15, and his face would shine with radiance.16 He would walk with speed as if he was going down a slope.17

فصل
MANNERS

He was the most generous of people, he we would never say no when requested anything from anyone.18 He would apologize when one would ask of him and he couldn’t fulfill their requests, as Allāh said in al-Qurʾān:

قُلۡتَ لَآ أَجِدُ مَآ أَحۡمِلُكُمۡ عَلَيۡهِ
You said, “I can find nothing for you to ride upon.”
– Sūrah at-Tawbah, ʾĀyah 92

He loved the poor and the needy, would attend their funerals, and visit the sick among them. He never looked down upon a poor man for his poverty, nor was he bias towards a rich due to his power and status.

He was the bravest, most knowledgeable of Allāh, and had the most fear of Allāh. He never sought revenge for himself nor did he ever get angry for himself, though he would quickly avenge the boundaries & limits set by Allāh whenever they were violated & would get angry for them.19 He was uninterested in & never cared about the adornments of this world, always preferring the life of the hereafter.

He never criticized any food. If he liked it, he would eat it, if he didn’t like it, he would refrain.20 He never ate reclining21, nor did he eat on a table.22 He would accept gifts of food and would give them something in return, but he never ate from charity.

He would laugh by showing a big smile, so much so to point where one could see his molars.23 He did not deny the permissible playing, as he would joke but always spoke the truth, but he would accept the excuse from the one who gave it.24

His moral character was that of the Qurʾān.25 He was more shy than a virgin in her seclusion and was constant in lowering his gaze.26

He encourged kindness & forbade violence, & he would encourge forgiveness & pardoning others.27 He was honest, always in a state of contemplation, didn’t raise his voice, had the utmost sympathy for others, had the highest amount of Taqwá, and enveloped in humility. He admired the elders and was compassionate to the youth.

فصل
DEMISE

He passed away in the forenoon of al-Ithnayn28 on the 12th of Rabīʿ al-ʾAwwal, 11 years after the Hijrah at the age of 63 years old, ﷺ. He was buried on ath-Thalāthā’.29 30

فصل
BURIAL

He was shrouded in 3 white Yemenī sheets without a shirt & a turban.31 He was then placed upon his bed over the edge of his grave to be prayed on. He was prayed on without an Imām and everyone who prayed over him did so either with a group or individually. He was then lowered into his grave and buried. The burial came to an end by his family placing bricks around the grave, flattening it, and sprinkling drops of water on it.

He was born on al-Ithnayn, became a Prophet on al-Ithnayn, emigrated from Makkah on al-Ithnayn, entered Madīnah on al-Ithnayn, and passed away on al-Ithnayn, ﷺ.

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ❁ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ❁ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ ❁ اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ❁ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَىٰ آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ❁ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
O Allāh, send prayers upon Muḥammad and upon the family of Muḥammad just as You have sent prayers upon Ibrāhīm and upon the family of Ibrāhīm, verily You are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious. O Allāh, bless Muḥammad and the family of Muḥammad just as You have blessed Ibrāhīm and the family of Ibrāhīm, verily You are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.

All praise is due to Allāh, may His peace & blessings be upon our final Prophet Muḥammad, his family, his companions, & all those who follow him in guidance.

[Extracted from Nubadh al-ʿUyūn (نبذ العيون) by Imām an-Nawawī رحمه الله]


Footnotes:

[1] Imām an-Nawawī transmitted Ijmāʿ on the lineage of The Prophet ﷺ until ʿAdnān, while there is difference of opinion on who comes after him. Imām ʿAbd al-Ghanī al-Maqdisī also transmits Ijmāʿ until ʿAdnān in his Sīrah entitled Mukhtaṣar Sīrah an-Nabī wa Sīrah Aṣḥāb al-ʿAshra.
[2] al-Ithnayn (الإثنين); the second day of the week.
[3] The Year of the Elephant is the event in which the ruler of Abyssinia (present-day Ethiopia) along with his army marched upon Makkah with the intention of destroying the Kaʾbah, but the plot rendered unsuccessful, wa Alḥamdulillāh.
[4] In regards to those who say that The Prophet ﷺ stayed in Makkah for 10 years whilst others say it was 13, there is no contradiction. The answer to this is that it is from the customs of the Arabs to round off numbers, for example the book al-Arbaʾūn an-Nawawīyyah compiled by Imām an-Nawawī; it is entitled “al-Arbaʾūn” to indicate 40 Aḥādīth though in reality there is actually 42.
[5] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3869, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2802, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #3288, Musnad aṭ-Ṭayālisī #1891
[6] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #169, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2279, Sunan an-Nasā’ī #78, Musnad Aḥmad 3/165, Ṣaḥīḥ ibn Khuzaymah #144, Sunan al-Kubrá #84, al-Muwaṭṭaʾ #116
[7] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3583, Sunan ibn Mājah #1415, Musnad Aḥmad 1/266, Musnad al-Bazzār #6676, ash-Shifā P. 369, Sunan ad-Dārimī #37, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #3627, Musnad Abī Yaʿlā #2756, Ṣaḥīḥ ibn Khuzaymah #1777, Shamaʾil ar-Rusūl P. 241, Muṣannaf ibn Abī Shaybah #11798, Dalā’il an-Nubūwah #308
[8] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2277, Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ #2487, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #3624, Musnad aṭ-Ṭayālisī #1908
[9] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3701, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #1807, Musnad Aḥmad #778, Riyāḍ aṣ-Ṣāliḥīn #175, Sunan ibn Mājah 117, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #3724
[10] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3548, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2347, al-Muwaṭṭaʾ #1674, ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #1, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #3623, Musnad Aḥmad #746, Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ #4813, Silsilah al-Aḥādīth aṣ-Ṣaḥīḥah #2052
[11] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3551, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2337, ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #3, Sunan an-Nasā’ī #5232, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #3635
[12] Ibid.
[13] ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #7, Sharḥ as-Sunnah #3705, ash-Shifā #374 | Ḍaʾīf Isnād to Shaykh Zubayr ʿAlī Za’ī
[14] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3547, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2338, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #1754, ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #26, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #4123
[15] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #5910, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #3637, Musnad Aḥmad #744, ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #5, al-Mustadrak ʿala aṣ-Ṣaḥīḥayn 2/605, Ṣaḥīḥ ibn Ḥibbān #2117, Musnad Abī Yaʿlā #369
[16] Ibid., footnote 13.
[17] Ibid.
[18] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #6034, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2311
[19] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #6786, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2327, Ḥilyah al-Awliyā’ 8/132, al-Adab al-Mufrad #274
[20] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3563, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #2064, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #2031, Sunan ibn Mājah #3259
[21] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #5398, Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ #7163, Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ #4168, Bulūgh al-Marām #1048, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #3769, Sunan ibn Mājah #3262, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #1830, Musnad Aḥmad 4/307, Ṣaḥīḥ ibn Ḥibbān #5240, Sunan al-Bayhaqī 7/49
[22] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #5386, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #1788, ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #146, Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ #4169, Sunan ibn Mājah #3293
[23] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #1936, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #1111, ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #233, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #2270, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #724, Bulūgh al-Marām #676, Sunan an-Nasā’ī #3518, Sunan ibn Mājah #2348, Musnad Aḥmad 2/241, Sunan al-Kubrá #3104, al-Muntaqá #384, Ṣaḥīḥ ibn Khuzaymah #1944, Ṣaḥīḥ ibn Ḥibbān #3524, Sunan al-Bayhaqī 4/227
[24] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Jāmiʿ #2494, Majmaʾ az-Zawāʾid 9/20, Musnad Aḥmad #8481 | Ṣaḥīḥ to Shaykh al-Albānī — Ḥasan Ṣaḥīḥ to Imām at-Tirmidhī, Ḥasan to Imām al-Haythamī and Shaykh Zubayr ʿAlī Za’ī
[25] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #746, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #1342, Sunan an-Nasā’ī 3/199
[26] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #6102, al-Adab al-Mufrad #599, Mukhtaṣar ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #307
[27] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #3231, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #1795, Kitāb at-Tawḥīd 1/111
[28] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #680, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #419
[29] ath-Thalāthā’ (الثلاثاء); the third day of the week.
[30] ash-Shamaʾil al-Muḥammadiyyah #383 | Gharīb to Imām at-Tirmidhī
[31] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī #1264, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim #941, Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ #1635, Musnad Aḥmad #24869, Sunan Abū Dāwūd #3151, Jāmiʿ at-Tirmidhī #996, Sunan an-Nasā’ī #1899, Sunan ibn Mājah #1469, al-Muʾjam al-Awsaṭ #8369


Ṣafīullāh Labīb ibn Salīm ʿAbd al-Malik
11th of Jumādá al-ʿAwwal 1444